Edith Kinney Gaylord Foundation Presidential Professor
Professor and Vice Chair
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Ph.D., Iowa, 1986
Phone: (405) 271-2227 ext. 61252
Fax: (405) 271-3092
Mailing Address: 940 S. L. Young Blvd., BMSB 964A
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Olson Lab Staff
Transcriptional regulation of the insulin-regulated facilitative glucose transporter (GLUT4) gene; mechanisms of insulin-mediated GLUT4 translocation.
The major physiologic action of insulin is to increase glucose uptake and storage in adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and heart. This accomplished largely through the recruitment of a specialized facilitative glucose transport protein to the cell surface under insulin action. This glucose transport protein (GLUT4) is an integral membrane protein. Under basal conditions, when plasma insulin levels are low, GLUT4 resides in a small, intracellular vesicle in muscle and adipose tissues. When insulin activates its cell surface receptor, a signal is generated which results in the stimulation of exocytosis of the intracellular GLUT4-vesicles to the plasma membrane (see Figure below). This, in turn, facilitates the uptake of glucose into the cells.
In addition to GLUT4 translocation, the size of the cellular pool of GLUT4 has a profound effect on insulin sensitivity. GLUT4 protein levels are regulated at the transcriptional level in a variety of normal and pathophysiologic states.
Insulin resistant glucose transport in muscle and adipose tissue results from both defects in the ability of the insulin-signaling pathway to stimulate the recruitment of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane and a decrease in the total pool of GLUT4 protein.
Our laboratory has had a long-standing interest in the molecular processes that regulate insulin-mediated exocytosis of GLUT4 vesicles as well as the transcriptional regulation of the GLUT4 gene. Using transgenic mice, we have begun to understand the molecular basis that underlies the transcriptional regulation of the GLUT4 gene in complex physiologic states. Understanding these areas of GLUT4 cellular and molecular biology are crucial to understanding the development of diabetes.
Selected Publications [Search Pubmed]