Common Types of Hernias

  • Inguinal – this type of hernia is extremely common and men are more likely to suffer an inguinal hernia than women. Inguinal hernias are found in the groin area of the lower abdomen around the pubic bone. The sufferer will notice a bulge in the area and may experience discomfort around the groin area.

  • Femoral – femoral hernias also are found in the groin area just above where the legs connect to the lower abdomen and are more common in women than in men. They usually begin as just a small bulge but can quickly strangulate, making it very important to seek repair options once the hernia is detected.

  • Umbilical – umbilical hernias can occur within the mid-abdominal area, by the navel. Most patients with an umbilical hernia see the bulge just above their navel. The hernia can be as small as a grape or as large as a grapefruit.

  • Para-umbilical/Supra-umbilical/Epigastric – these hernias occur in the mid-to-upper abdomen area above the navel. They can be difficult to repair if left untreated for too long.

  • Incisional – an incisional hernia is the result of damage done to the abdominal wall during a previous surgery. In this type of hernia, a portion of the area that was previously operated on failed to heal properly, resulting in the hernia.

    Oftentimes, incisional hernias are difficult to repair and result in the hernia reoccurring in the same area. The OU Physicians Center of Excellence for Minimally Invasive and Hernia Surgery are specialists in recurring incisional hernias, using a variety of methods to repair the most difficult cases.

  • Hiatal – hiatal hernias are different than other hernias in that the hernia occurs when the stomach pushes through a small opening in the esophagus called the hiatus. The hiatus helps food to travel from your esophagus to the stomach. Hiatal hernias can cause food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to discomfort and heartburn.