2001 - 2005

Pfefferbaum, B., Nixon, S.J., Tivis, R.D., Doughty, D.E., Pynoos, R.S., Gurwitch, R.H., and Foy, D.W. (2001). Television exposure in children after a terrorist incident. Psychiatry, 64(3):202-211.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2001). The impact of the Oklahoma City bombing on children in the community. Military Medicine, 166(12):40-50.

Pfefferbaum, B., and Doughty, D.E. (2001). Increased alcohol use in a treatment sample of Oklahoma City bombing victims. Psychiatry, 64(4):296-303.

Pfefferbaum, B., Call, J.A., Lensgraf, S.J., Miller, P.D., Flynn, B.W., Doughty, D.E., Tucker, P., and Dickson, W.L. (2001). Traumatic grief in a convenience sample of victims seeking support services after a terrorist incident. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 13(1):19-24.

Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., Flynn, B.W., Ursano, R.J., McCoy, G., DeMartino, R., Julian, W.E., Dumont, C.E., Holloway, H.C., and Norwood, A.E. (2001). The emotional impact of injury following an international terrorist incident.  Public Health Reviews, 29:271-280.

Pfefferbaum, B., Pfefferbaum, R.L., North, C.S., and Neas, B.R. (2002). Commentary:  Does television viewing satisfy criteria for exposure in posttraumatic stress disorder? Psychiatry, 65(4):306-309. (Invited)

North, C.S., Tivis, L., McMillen, J.C., Pfefferbaum, B., Spitznagel, E.L., Cox, J., Nixon S., Bunch, K.P., and Smith, E.M. (2002). Psychiatric disorders in rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(5):857-859.

North, C.S., Tivis, L., McMillen, J.C., Pfefferbaum, B., Cox, J., Spitznagel, E.L., Bunch, K., and Smith, E.M. (2002). Coping, functioning, and adjustment of rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15(3):171-175.

Stuber, J., Fairbrother, G., Galea, S., Pfefferbaum, B., Wilson-Genderson, M., and Vlahov, D. (2002). Determinants of counseling for children in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks. Psychiatric Services, 53(7):815-822.

Gurwitch, R.H., Pfefferbaum, B., and Leftwich, M.J.T. (2002). The impact of terrorism on children:  Considerations for a new era. Journal of Trauma Practice, 1(3/4):101-124.

Pfefferbaum, B., Vinekar, S.S., Trautman, R.P., Lensgraf, S.J., Reddy, C., Patel, N., and Ford, A.L. (2002). The effect of loss and trauma on substance use behavior in individuals seeking support services after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 14(2):89-95.

Pfefferbaum, B., Doughty, D.E., Reddy, C., Patel, N., Gurwitch, R.H., Nixon, S.J., and Tivis, R.D. (2002). Exposure and peritraumatic response as predictors of posttraumatic stress in children following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. Journal of Urban Health, 79(3):354-363.

Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., Bunch, K., Wilson, T.G., Tucker, P., and Schorr, J.K. (2002). The impact of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing on the partners of firefighters. Journal of Urban Health, 79(3):364-372.

Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., Flynn, B.W., Norris, F.H., and DeMartino, R. (2002). Disaster mental health services following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing: Modifying approaches to address terrorism. CNS Spectrums, 7(8):575-579.

Allen, S.F., & Dlugokinski, E.L. (2002). Assisting children in recovering from a traumatic community event. Directions in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, 12(1), 1-11.

North, C.S., Pfefferbaum, B., and Tucker, P. (2002). Ethical and methodological issues in academic mental health research in populations affected by disasters: Oklahoma City experience relevant to 9/11. CNS Spectrums, 7(8):580-584.

Trautman, R., Tucker, P., Pfefferbaum, B., Lensgraf, S.J., Doughty, D.E., Buksh, A., and Miller, P.D. (2002). Effects of prior trauma and age on posttraumatic stress symptoms in Asian and Middle Eastern immigrants after terrorism in the community. Community Mental Health Journal, 38(6):459-474.

Tucker, P., Pfefferbaum, B., Doughty, D.E., Jones, D.E., Jordan, F.B., Vincent, R.D., and Nixon, S.J. (2002). Body handlers after terrorism in Oklahoma City: Predictors of posttraumatic stress and other symptoms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72(4):469-475.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2002). Childhood posttraumatic stress disorder. In M. Lewis (Ed.), Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (3rd ed.) (pp. 912-925). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Gurwitch, R.H., Pfefferbaum, B., and Leftwich, M.J.T. (2002). The impact of terrorism on children:  Considerations for a new era.  In S. N. Gold and J. Faust (Eds.), Trauma Practice in the Wake of September 11, 2001 (pp. 101-124). The Haworth Press, Inc., Binghamton, NY, 2002. Also published: Journal of Trauma Practice, 1(3/4), 101-124.

Gurwitch, R.H., Sitterle, K.S., Young, B.H., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2002). The aftermath of terrorism. In A. M. La Greca, W. K. Silverman, E. M. Vernberg, and M. C. Roberts (Eds.), Helping Children Cope With Disasters and Terrorism (pp. 327-357). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2002). Mental health services after a disaster. In E. R. Rubin, M. Osterweis, and L. M. Lindeman (Eds.), Emergency Preparedness:  Bioterrorism and Beyond (pp. 94-100). Washintgon, DC: Association of Academic Health Centers.

Pfefferbaum, R.L., Gurwitch, R.H., Robertson, M.J., Brandt, E.N., Jr., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2003). Terrorism, the media, and distress in youth: Research implications for prevention and intervention.The Prevention Researcher, 10(2):14-16.

Pfefferbaum, B., Sconzo, G.M. Flynn, B.W., Kearns, L., Doughty, D.E., Gurwitch, R.H., Nixon, S.J., and Nawaz, S. (2003). Case finding and mental health services for children in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 30(2):215-227.

Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., Doughty, D.E., Gurwitch, R.H., Fullerton, C.S., and Kyula, J. (2003). Posttraumatic stress and functional impairment in Kenyan children following the 1998 American Embassy bombing. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73(2):133-140.

Pfefferbaum, B., Call, J.A., Doughty, D.E., Traxler, W.T., Pai, M.N., Borrell, G.K., and Stein, B.D. (2003). Impact of injury on posttraumatic stress in survivors seeking counseling after the 1995 bombing in Oklahoma City. Journal of Trauma Practice, 2(2):1-17.

Pfefferbaum, R.L. (2003). Homeland security: A role for community colleges. Community College Journal, 73(4):7-9.

Pfefferbaum, R.L., Brandt, E.N., Jr., Patel, H.P., Gurwitch, R.H., Schreiber, M.D., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2003).  Psychological issues associated with terrorism: A guide for physicians. Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association, 96(11):526-529. (Invited)

Fairbrother, G., Stuber, J., Galea, S., Fleischman A.R., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2003). Posttraumatic stress reactions in New York City children after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 3(6):304-311.

Pfefferbaum, B., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Gurwitch, R.H., Nagumalli, S., Brandt, E.N., Jr., Robertson, M.J., Aceska, A., and Saste, V.S. (2003). Children’s response to terrorism: A critical review of the literature. Current Psychiatry Reports, 5:95-100. (Invited)

Pfefferbaum, B., Seale, T.W., Brandt, E.N., Jr., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Doughty, D.E., and Rainwater, S.M. (2003). Media exposure in children one hundred miles from a terrorist bombing. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 15(1):1-8.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2003). The children of Oklahoma City.  In R. J. Ursano, C. S. Fullerton, and A. E. Norwood (Eds.), Terrorism and Disaster:  Individual and Community Responses (pp. 58-70). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Press.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder. In J. J. Ponzetti Jr. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family (Second Edition) (pp. 1250-1255). New York: Macmillan Reference USA, NY.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2003). Victims of terrorism and the media. In A. Silke (Ed.), Terrorists, Victims and Society: Psychological Perspectives on Terrorism and its Consequences (pp. 175-187). New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Fairbrother, G., Stuber, J., Galea, S., Pfefferbaum, B., and Fleischman, A.R. (2004). Unmet need for counseling services by children in New York City after the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center: Implications for pediatricians. Pediatrics, 113(5):1367-1374.

Pfefferbaum, R.L., Fairbrother, G., Brandt, E.N., Jr., Robertson, M.J., Gurwitch, R.H., Stuber, J., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2004). Teachers in the aftermath of terrorism: A case study of one New York City school.  Family and Community Health, 27(3):250-259.

Pfefferbaum, B., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Gurwitch, R.H., Doughty, D.E., Pynoos, R.S., Foy, D.W., Brandt, E.N., Jr., and Reddy, C. (2004). Teachers’ psychological reactions 7 weeks after the 1995 Oklahoma City terrorist bombing. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74(3):263-271.

Gurwitch, R.H., Kees, M., Becker, S.M., Schreiber, M., Pfefferbaum, B., and Diamond, D. (2004). When disaster strikes: Responding to the needs of children. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 19(1):21-28.

Reissman, D.B., Klomp, R.W., Kent, A.T., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2004). Exploring psychological resilience in the face of terrorism (invited). Psychiatric Annals, 33(8):627-632.

North, C.S., Pfefferbaum, B., Tivis, L., Kawasaki, A., Reddy, C., and Spitznagel, E. L. (2004). The course of posttraumatic stress disorder in a follow-up study of survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 16(4):209-215, 2004.

Pfefferbaum, B.J., DeVoe, E.R., Stuber, J., Schiff, M., Klein, T.P., and Fairbrother, G. (2004). Psychological impact of terrorism on children and families in the United States. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 9(3/4):305-317, 2004.

Norris, F.H., Watson, P.J., Hamblen, J.L., and Pfefferbaum, B.J. (2005). Provider perspectives on disaster mental health services in Oklahoma City. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 10(1/2):649-661.

North, C.S., Pollio, D.E., Pfefferbaum, B., Megivern, D., Vythilingam, M., Westerhaus, E., Martin, G., and Hong, B.A. (2005). Capitol Hill staff workers’ experiences of bioterrorism: Qualitative findings from focus groups. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18(1):79-88.

Stuber, J., Galea, S., Pfefferbaum, B., Vandivere, S., Moore, K., and Fairbrother, G. (2005). Behavior problems in New York City’s children after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75(2):190-200.

North, C.S., Pfefferbaum, B., Narayanan, P., Thielman, S., McCoy G., Dumont, C., Kawasaki, A., Ryosho, N., and Spitznagel, E.L. (2005). Comparison of post-disaster psychiatric disorders after terrorist bombings in Nairobi and Oklahoma City. British Journal of Psychiatry, 186:487-493.

North, C.S., Pollio, D.E., Pfefferbaum, B., Megivern, D., Vythilingam, M., Westerhaus, E.T., Martin, G.J., and Hong, B.A. (2005). Concerns of Capitol Hill staff workers after bioterrorism: Focus group discussions of authorities’ response. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193(8):523-527.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2005). Aspects of exposure in childhood trauma: The stressor criterion. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6(2):17-26.

Hoffman, Y., Everly, G.S., Jr., Werner, D., Livet, M., Madrid, P.A., Pfefferbaum, B., and Beaton, R. (2005). Identification and evaluation of mental health and psychosocial preparedness resources from the Centers for Public Health Preparedness. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, Suppl:S138-S142.

Pynoos, R.S., Schreiber, M.D., Steinberg, A.M., and Pfefferbaum, B. (2005). The impact of terrorism on children.  In B. Saddock and V. Saddock (Eds.), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, Volume 8 (pp. 3551-3564). New York: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Norris, F.H., Watson, P.J., Hamblen, J.L., and Pfefferbaum, B.J. (2005). Provider perspectives on disaster mental health services in Oklahoma City. In Y. Danieli, D. Brom, and J. Sills (Eds.), The Trauma of Terrorism:  Sharing Knowledge and Shared Care (pp. 649-661). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. (Published simultaneously in Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 10(1/2), 649-661.)

Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., and Pfefferbaum, R.L. (2005). Psychosocial issues in bioterrorism. In M.S. Bronze and R.A. Greenfield (Eds.), Biodefense:  Principles and Pathogens (pp. 135-164). Horizon Scientific Press Ltd.

Allen, J.A., Pfefferbaum, B., Speed, L., and Hammond, D. (2005). Stressors, trauma, and development. In J. R. Allen and B. A. Allen (Eds.), Therapeutic Journey:  Practice and Life (pp. 196-237). Oakland, CA: TA Press.

Pfefferbaum, B. (2005). Aspects of exposure in childhood trauma: The stressor criterion. In E. Cardeña and K. Croyle (Eds.), Acute Reactions to Trauma and Psychotherapy:  A Multidisciplinary and International Perspective (pp. 17-26). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Medical Press.

Pfefferbaum, B.J., DeVoe, E.R., Stuber, J., Schiff, M., Klein, T.P., and Fairbrother, G. (2005). Psychological impact of terrorism on children and families in the United States. In: Y. Danieli, D. Brom, and J. Sills (Eds.), The Trauma of Terrorism: Sharing Knowledge and Shared Care, An International Handbook (pp. 305-317).  Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.