Resilience and Coping Intervention (RCI)


Developed by TDC's Sandra Allen after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, RCI is a skill-enhancing group coping exercise focused on children's individual coping and resilience. Children become familiar with the concepts and language of coping and resilience, and they learn and practice coping skills. RCI encourages children to share their experiences and feelings, to identify appropriate and successful coping strategies, and to practice and evaluate the success of these efforts.

RCI may be completed in a single session or used as often as needed or desired to allow children to revisit the coping strategies identified in previous sessions or to discuss new challenges children may be facing in their daily lives. Repeating RCI sessions with the same group of children reinforces lessons learned in earlier sessions and strengthens children's connections with other children in the group. RCI can be implemented in schools or in after-school, community, faith-based, or clinical programs and can be conducted by trained teachers, counselors, youth program staff, volunteers, parents, or other adults.

TDC is currently developing RCI materials specifically designed to address disasters and terrorism.

New RCI materials will be available soon! Click HERE to contact us for more information.


Allen, S.F., & Dlugokinski, E.L. (2002). Assisting children in recovering from a traumatic community event. Directions in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, 12(1), 1-11.

 Allen, S.F., Dlugokinski, E.L., Cohen, L.A., & Walker, J.L. (1999). Assessing impact and assisting in healing with children following a traumatic community event. Psychiatric Annals29(2), 93-98.

 Allen, S.F., Pfefferbaum, B., Nitiéma, P., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Houston, J.B., McCarter, G.S., & Gray, S.R. (2016). Resilience and coping intervention with youth in an at-risk neighborhood. Journal of Loss and Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress & Coping, 21(2), 85-98. DOI: 10.1080/15325024.2015.1072014